Genesis 6: 13 – 18:

And God said unto Noah, “The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth. Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch. And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits. A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it. And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die. But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons' wives with thee.”


The grandson of Methuselah, son of Lemech, Noah (The Bearer of Comfort), was one of the greatest biblical characters ever. In Ezekiel 14:14, Noah was mentioned alongside Daniel and Job as the most righteous of God’s creation. Tasked with the responsibility of reseeding the world, Noah was, in the eyes of the Lord, the only pure soul left on earth at the time. At the age of 500 (he lived until the age of 950, which was not biblically unheard of at the time), he was commanded by God to build an Ark and fill it with seven pairs of each type of clean beast and a pair of every other living species.

The ark measured three hundred cubits in length, fifty cubits wide, and thirty cubits high (each cubit is approximately 18 inches), with an approximate volume of 1.5 million cubic feet. It was designed to shelter and protect the occupants from the meteorological catastrophe that was planned by God. Using Gopher wood (assumed to be Cypress), Noah took over 100 years to build the Ark and the three-decked architecture apparently precludes any navigational features, presumably because in a state of total global flooding, any direction will be the same.

In addition, the Ark was an instrument of the Lord and He has indicated that He will be observing the Ark. Modern day engineers have questioned the feasibility of building a vessel of such dimensions and design without additional structural support. Theologians in turn have pointed out the divine nature of the Ark. It was coated with a substance called ‘kopher’ that sealed the Ark to prevent any seepage of water during its intended voyage.

On the 17th day of the second month of his 600th year, God commanded the heavens to open up and the rain fell for the next 40 days and 40 nights, flooding the earth in its totality, blotting out trees, hills and even mountains. Apart from Noah, his wife, Emzara and three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth with their respective spouses plus the animals onboard the ark, every other living creature on earth was killed.
The flood finally began to recede after 150 days. After 40 days, Noah released a pair of the captive ravens and doves. They returned after sometime. Another 40 days passed, and Noah again released the creatures. Again they returned, but this time, the dove returned with a leaf between its beak, signifying that the treetops have now begun to uncover, and by the grace of the Lord, Noah made way for the high grounds of Mount Ararat, located in modern day Armenia, presumably.

Upon descending from the ark, Noah built an altar and promptly offered the clean beast as a sacrifice to God, a peculiarly odd thing to do, as He had indicated his abhorrence for such practice. Nevertheless, the Lord in turn, created the rainbow as assurance that there will never be another flood of this scale inflicted on humankind. Finally, God handed to Noah a series of Law - the basis for the yet to arrive Ten Commandments - known now as the Noachite Law, that must be adhered to by all the Children of Noah, to be used as a guide for the repopulation of the earth.

Noachite Law

• Prohibition of idolatry
• Prohibition of murder
• Prohibition of theft
• Prohibition against sexual immorality:
• Prohibition against blasphemy
• Prohibition against consumption of living animals
• Requirement of the rule of law

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